READ THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE AND MARK THE LETTER A, B, C OR D ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET TO INDICATE THE CORRECT ANSWER TO EACH OF THE QUESTIONS BELOW

Tất cả Lớp 12 Lớp 11 Lớp 10 Lớp 9 Lớp 8 Lớp 7 Lớp 6 Lớp 5 Lớp 4 Lớp 3 Lớp 2 Lớp 1
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3.

Bạn đang xem: Read the following passage and mark the letter a, b, c or d on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions below

Because writing has become so important in our culture, we sometimes think of it as more real than speech. A little thought, however, will show why speech is primary and writing secondary lớn language. Human beings have sầu been writing for at least 5000 years; but they have been talking for much longer, doubtless ever since there have been human beings.

When writing did develop, it was derived from và represented speech, but imperfectly. Even today there are spoken languages that have sầu no written khung. Furthermore, we all learn lớn talk well before we learn khổng lồ write; any human child who is not severely handicapped physically or mentally will learn to lớn talk: a normal human being cannot be prevented from doing so. On the other h&, it takes a special effort khổng lồ learn to write; in the past many intelligent and useful members of society did not acquire the skill, và even today many who speak languages with writing systems never learn to read or write, while some who learn the rudiments of those skills vị so only imperfectly.

To affirm the primacy of speech over writing is not, however, lớn disregard the latter. One advantage writing has over speech is that it is more permanent and makes possible the records that any civilization must have sầu. Thus, if speaking makes us human, writing makes us civilized.

66. The author of the passage argues that ________

A. writing has become too important in today’s society.

B. speech is more basic lớn language than writing.

C. everyone who learns to speak must learn lớn write.

D. all languages should have a written size.

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67. According to lớn the passage, writing ________

A. is imperfect, but less so than speech. B. represents speech, but not perfectly.

C. developed from imperfect speech. D. is represented perfectly by speech.

68. In the author’s judgment ________

A. writing has more advantages than speech.

B. speech is essential but writing has important benefits.

C. speech conveys ideas less accurately than writing does.

D. writing is more real than speech.

69. In order khổng lồ show that learning to lớn write requires effort, the author gives the example of ________

A. people who learn the rudiments of speech. B. people who speak many languages.

C. intelligent people who couldn’t write. D. severely handicapped children.